%0 Generic
%D 2012
%T Improving the Efficiency of Tissue P Systems with Cell Separation
%A Mario J. Pérez-Jiménez
%A Petr Sosik
%C Seville, Spain
%I Fénix Editora
%P 105-140
%S Proceedings of the Tenth Brainstorming Week on Membrane Computing
%U http://www.gcn.us.es/10BWMC/10BWMCvolII/papers/mario-sosik.pdf
%V II
%X Cell ﬁssion process consists of the division of a cell into two new cells such that the contents of the initial cell is distributed between the newly created cells. This process is modelled by a new kind of cell separation rules in the framework of Membrane Computing. Speciﬁcally, in tissue-like membrane systems, cell separation rules have been considered joint with communication rules of the form symport/antiport. These models are able to create an exponential workspace, expressed in terms of the number of cells, in linear time. On the one hand, an eﬃcient and uniform solution to the SAT problem by using cell separation and communication rules with length at most 8 has been recently given. On the other hand, only tractable problems can be eﬃciently solved by using cell separation and communication rules with length at most 1. Thus, in the framework of tissue P systems with cell separation, and assuming that P is different from NP, a ﬁrst frontier between eﬃciency and non-eﬃciency is obtained when passing from communication rules with length 1 to communication rules with length at most 8. In this paper we improve the previous result by showing that the SAT problem can be solved by a family of tissue P systems with cell separation in linear time, by using communication rules with length at most 3. Hence, we provide a new tractability borderline: passing from 1 to 3 amounts to passing from non–eﬃciency to eﬃciency, assuming that P is different from NP.
%8 02/2012